The Anishinaabek have been in the area, territory and beyond well before Treaty with the new settlers was ever made. Anishinaabe Agowidiiwinan has been around for a long time.  In 1871, a collective was reaffirmed during the timetreaty was made.  Most recently in 1998 the name was reaffirmed and then most recentlythrough a unified approach.

The Anishinaabek of Anishinaabe Agowidiiwinan entered Treaty No.2 in August 21, 1871 at Manitobah House, Rupertslandwith Representatives of the Queen of England and Ireland.  The original Anishinaabe (Chippewa and Cree), who were present constitute Treaty No.2 with Anishinaabe Agowidiiwinan.  It is known that many of the Chiefs and leaders within the territory were at the early gathering and after the treaty was agreed to.Those who were not present were represented through Mekis until they indicated where they wished their farming reserves to be established.  The Treaty reaffirmed the Inherent rights our Anishinaabek had prior to European contact.

The Anishinaabe territory is much larger and extends beyond our current territory. Today it extends north of Treaty No.1 territory, along the east shore of Lake Winnipeg to Berens River, across to the Dauphin River along with water ways up tothe northern tip of Waterhen Lake, across the Winnipegosis north of Duck Bay, then to the source of the Shell River in Duck Mountains along the Assiniboine to the Moose Mountains in southeastern Saskatchewan across the international border up by Brandon then to white mud river across over to the Drunken River, then to Winnipeg River where it started.

The territory includes 8,676,828 hectares of land (21,440,909 acres). Included within our territory are many of our mountains, rivers and lakes which include; Riding Mountain National Park, Duck Mountain Provincial Park, Turtle Mountain Provincial Park, Hecla/ Grindstone Provincial Park, and Moose Mountain Provincial Park Saskatchewan and many lakes such as Dauphin Lake, Clear Lake, Childs Lake, south basin of Lake Winnipegosis and Lake Winnipeg and north basin of Lake Manitoba.

The purpose of this treaty was “….to open up to settlement and immigration a tract of country bounded and described hereinafter mentioned, and to obtain the consent thereto of her Indian subjects inhabiting the said tract, and to make treaty and arrangements with them, so that there be peace and good will…”


Treaty No.2 territory is unique where nine (9) Anishinaabe Nations fall under Treaty No.2 along with currently nineteen (19) non-Treaty No. 2 Nations who resides within and bordering the territory.


Nations who made Treaty No.2

Dauphin River, Ebb and Flow, Keeseekoowenin(Riding Mountain/Dauphin Lake), Lake Manitoba (Dog Creek), Lake St Martin, Little Saskatchewan, O-Chi-Chak-Ko-Sipi (Crane River), Pinaymootang (Fairford) and Skownan (Waterhen). 

Presides,resides borders Territory;

Treaty No.1 (1871) - Peguis, Sandy Bay
Dakota Nations - Birdtail Sioux, Canupawakpa, Sioux Valley
Treaty No.4 (1874) - Gambler, Pine Creek, Rolling River, Tootinaowaziibeeng Treaty Reserve, Waywayseecappo ,Ocean Man First Nation, Pheasant Rump Nakota, White Bear
Treaty 5 (1908) -Fisher River Cree Nation, Kinonjeoshtegon
Bordering;Berens River, Bloodvein, Hollow Water, Black River, Sagkeeng

Anishinaabe Agowidiiwinan is engaged in a process leading to the establishment of a collective Constitution, Government and Legislature. The collective is made up of the Anishinaabek within our Territory which are self-governing with a constitution, governance and law-making institutions and who meet certain fundamental conditions such as respect for individual rights, accountability to theAnishinaabe, demonstrated acceptance by the Anishinaabek.