Treaty 2

Year of Treaty 1 & 2: Saturday July 29, 1871

Year of Treaty 1 & 2: Saturday July 29, 1871

Saturday, 29 July 1871 There was confusion when the Indians responded by presenting claims for enormous reserves sites, each of the First Nations set out the portion of their traditional territory each was reserving, perhaps totalling two-thirds of the illegal assumption of the newly created postage-stamp province of Manitoba (1870), despite the repeated emphasis by …

Year of Treaty 1 & 2: Friday July 28, 1871

Year of Treaty 1 & 2: Friday July 28, 1871

Friday, 28 July 1871 The next day, Ay-ee-ta-pe-pe-tung [One who speaks the truth] (A Spiritual Leader west side of Lake Manitoba  – He may have been from Crane River … he says in the Treaty 1  proceedings that he comes from the third campfire beyond the White Mud River or something like that. His name once was found …

UNFINISHED TREATY BUSINESS – “Cede, Release and Surrender: Let’s Face It – It Didn’t Happen Here” – PART 3

UNFINISHED TREATY BUSINESS – “Cede, Release and Surrender: Let’s Face It – It Didn’t Happen Here” – PART 3

Today’s generations of the Anishinaabe people have taken to heart what our parents, grandparents, and Elders had been saying all this time – Treaty was about sharing the land—not giving it away.  The treaty is a living document. This means that each generation, past, present and future applies its terms according to the experiences faced …

Unfinished Treaty Business – The Crown apologized for the “great frauds and abuses” – Part 2

Unfinished Treaty Business – The Crown apologized for the “great frauds and abuses” – Part 2

Treaty 2 Territory – Inherent Rights are the original and ancestral rights held by First Nations in Treaty 2 Territory. They are born with inherent rights because their ancestors have been in these territories since creation. These Inherent Rights are all encompassing in order for the people of the collective Nation, the Local Nations, to …

Part Four of the Indian Act: Indigenous Policy in Transition

Part Four of the Indian Act: Indigenous Policy in Transition

Contemporary amendments and revisions of the Indian Act, 1952 to present Since the revisions of 1951, the Indian Act has continued to undergo changes, both in terms of its underlying philosophy and its specific provisions. The following provides an overview of the Indian Act during the period 1952 to Present. Conflicting Views on Indigenous Policy From the 1950s …

Part Three of the Indian Act: Assimilation Reinforced

Part Three of the Indian Act: Assimilation Reinforced

The Indian Act from 1876 to 1951 – Since its introduction in 1876, the Indian Act has undergone several amendments and reforms. The following provides a summary of key changes to the Indian Act during the period 1876 to 1951. Between 1876 and 1950, the purpose of the Indian Act was to strengthen the philosophy of civilization …

Part Two of the Indian Act: The evil Philosophy of the Act

Part Two of the Indian Act: The evil Philosophy of the Act

The first Indian Act adopted an explicit vision of assimilation, in which Indians would be encouraged to leave behind their Indian status and traditional cultures and become full members of the broader Canadian society. In this context, Indians were viewed as children or wards of the state, to which the government had a paternalistic duty …

The Indian Act known as Canada’s racist and deceiving acts under Canadian Law

The Indian Act known as Canada’s racist and deceiving acts under Canadian Law

Part One: A historical view of the Indian Act: Before it became a colonizing force, the Crown acted as a mechanism that enabled settlers to engage in meaningful negotiations and ceremony with civilizations that were different from their own. Confederation later disrupted these relationships, eclipsing treaties and placing them under the control of Canada – …

Media Release: Societal Reform and Indigenous Peoples – Treaty 2

Media Release: Societal Reform and Indigenous Peoples – Treaty 2

Treaty 2 Territory – The Anishinaabek of the Treaty 2 territory face racism on regular basis. There are many forms of racism including overt acts of racism, systemic racism entrenched into institutions, and microaggressions enacted through subtle comments and/or body language making them more difficult to prove and call out. Some sources refer to microaggressions as “unintentional”. If this is the case, …