Treaty 2 - August 21, 1871

Anishinaabe Agowidiiwinan – Treaty 2 History

The Anishinaabek have been in the area, territory and beyond well before Treaty with the new settlers was ever made. Anishinaabe Agowidiiwinan has been around for a long time. In 1871, a collective was reaffirmed during the time treaty was made.

In 1998, a meeting of First Nations from treaty 2 led to the birth of Anishinaabe Agowidiiwinan, the Ojibway or Chippewa communities who were present at Manitoba House in 1871.

Significance of Treaty 2 today

Treaty 2 sets out a territory. The Indigenous People inhabiting the territory exercised their sovereignty and right to govern themselves and their territory by entering the Treaty with the Sovereign of Great Britain and Ireland.  By virtue of the Treaty, the Crown recognized our sovereignty, recognized the right of the inhabitants to govern themselves, and confirmed our Indigenous Title to the lands and waters described in the Treaty.

The People agreed to allow certain lands to be taken up for immigration and settlement in exchange for compensation to be paid by the Government of Canada. The Treaty does not deal with resources, nor with lands not taken up for immigration and settlement.   The Treaty 2 territory includes other Anishinaabe, Cree and Dakota who today have reserves within the boundaries of our territory who are also eligible for membership in the Treaty 2 Territory Government and Nation.


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