Treaty 2 - August 21, 1871

First Nations in Treaty 2 Territory and Canada sign Protocol Agreement for Advancing Reconciliation

December 7, 2018

The First Nations in Treaty 2 Territory and Government of Canada have achieved a key milestone toward renewed relationships by signing a Protocol Agreement for Advancing Reconciliation.

The Government of Canada is committed to working in partnership with Indigenous peoples to renew the nation-to-nation relationship based on recognition of rights, respect, co-operation and partnership.

The Protocol Agreement will help guide the parties as they work together to explore new ways to strengthen their treaty relationship and advance reconciliation based on shared goals and community priorities.

Discussions under this jointly developed protocol will cover many topics, including treaty implementation, economic self-sufficiency, restoration of self-government and nation rebuilding. The goal is to work together in a spirit of mutual respect and co-operation to find shared and balanced solutions for the benefit of the communities and all Canadians.

The First Nations in Treaty 2 Territory that have come together to pursue these discussions with Canada are: Dauphin River First Nation, Ebb and Flow First Nation, Gambler First Nation, Lake Manitoba, Lake St. Martin, Little Saskatchewan, Keeseekoowenin Ojibway First Nation, O-Chi-Chak-Ko-Sipi First Nation, Pinaymootang First Nation, Skownan First Nation and Tootinaowaziibeeng Treaty Reserve.

Chief Norman Bone opened up the signing event by stating “We are here today to enter into a protocol with Canada that will guide discussions on various topics including a Renewed Relationship, Economic Self-sufficiency & Protecting our Territory, Territorial Governing, Treaty Implementation and Unfinished Treaty Business!”


 “Today after 147 years, Treaty 2 and Canada are back at the table discussing the very important issues that we have. ‘Immigration and Settlement’ was the primary intent of the Treaty and now the real work begins to address our unfinished Treaty business. We are reclaiming our Rights and are in the process of rebuilding our nation. The people of Treaty 2 are establishing a contemporary government that will protect the land, water and resources in our territory. With the Protocol in place, we will move forward to not only reclaim our right to be self-determining, but rebuild our nation, as it was meant to be a 147 years ago.” Treaty 2 Territory Grand Chief Eugene Eastman, Chief of the O-Chi-Chak-Ko-Sipi First Nation

 “This Protocol Agreement is an important step to strengthen our treaty relationships and advance our shared journey toward reconciliation with the First Nations. Through these discussions, we can move forward in a spirit of renewal and partnership to help close socio-economic gaps and support the First Nations’ vision of greater self-determination and a better future for their communities.” The Honourable Carolyn Bennett, M.D., P.C., M.P. Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations

“Minister, we speak on behalf of the temporary government of First Nations in Treaty 2 Territory. Although this signing today was not mentioned when we started meeting a year ago, the very tough exploratory discussions we have had since then have convinced us that you and your government are seriously committed to real change. This protocol is our agreement to carry on with the same spirit, the same commitment to make transformational change happen in the next phase of discussions over the year ahead. We wish you good health, peace in your mind, and strength in your determination to work with us.” Chief Cornell McLean, Chief of Lake Manitoba First Nation

“On behalf of the People of First Nations in Treaty 2 Territory, we witness this historic event.  We are also building a nation governed by its people. We are building a nation based on the relationship of perpetual peace and friendship which Treaty 2 envisions. We are renewing our original Two-Row relationship in which we are steering our own canoe, making our own decisions, but we do so side-by-side with you and your people, supporting each other. That is the spirit and commitment we bring to this Protocol agreement.” Chief Cameron Catcheway, Skownan First Nation

“Our best greetings and wishes to you Minister. Our greetings to your Prime Minister, to your Cabinet colleagues. Greetings to those of the public service who have followed your direction, those who represent you, those who do the work which make things happen. We wish all of them, all of you here today, health and peace as we take this historic journey together.” Chief Hector Shorting, Little Saskatchewan First Nation

Signed Protocol – Treaty 2 Protocol

Last modified: December 11, 2018

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